Evaluation: How wealthy is Saudi Arabia? Kingdom does the maths in steadiness sheet overhaul By Reuters



© Reuters. FILE PHOTO: Saudi girl walks on the Saudi inventory market (Tadawul), in Riyadh


By Davide Barbuscia

DUBAI (Reuters) – Saudi Arabia needs to demystify its funds.

The dominion is engaged on making a consolidated steadiness sheet of its property and liabilities which can embody gadgets presently stored off the oil-rich economic system’s books, together with the investments and money owed of its highly effective sovereign wealth fund.

“The primary function of this programme is to have a monetary equal of an MRI of the federal government steadiness sheet,” a Finance Ministry spokesman instructed Reuters, including that it could embody property and liabilities which can be presently “off-balance sheet”.

Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince and de facto ruler Mohammed bin Salman has put Public Funding Fund (PIF), Saudi Arabia’s primary sovereign wealth fund, on the centre of reforms geared toward diversifying the economic system of the world’s high oil exporter away from fossil gasoline.

Beneath the prince’s chairmanship, PIF has reworked from a sleepy sovereign wealth fund into a worldwide funding automobile making multi-billion greenback bets on hi-tech corporations akin to Uber (NYSE:) in addition to different fairness investments and pledging tens of billions of {dollars} to funds run by Japan’s Softbank (OTC:).

Its monetary statements usually are not revealed and it doesn’t characteristic within the kingdom’s price range, which is publicly accessible.

Gulf nations do not sometimes publish details about their total money owed and property however the PIF’s riskier funding profile and infusion of state funding have made its opacity a problem for some buyers.

“Transfers of wealth from liquid swimming pools of property like central financial institution reserves into PIF’s much less liquid (and fewer clear) investments will increase the general danger profile of the general public sector steadiness sheet,” stated Kirjanis Krustins, a director in Fitch’s sovereign workforce.

“Debt buyers would are likely to see the federal government and its key authorities associated entities akin to PIF as representing considerably the identical danger. Thus the levering up of the broader Saudi complicated might in some unspecified time in the future affect the federal government’s personal borrowing prices,” he stated.

The federal government media workplace didn’t reply to a request for remark.


The federal government began working within the second half of final 12 months on the so-called Sovereign Asset and Legal responsibility Administration (SALM) framework and the spokesman stated it was a ‘long-term undertaking’ with no resolution but made on when and the way its outcomes could be disclosed.

“If we use benchmarks we’ll see nations spent a few years to implement the consolidation section,” he stated of the undertaking.

The PIF’s funds are formidable.

Its property have swelled to $400 billion as of 2020 from $150 billion in 2015, with the fund bolstered by an anticipated $70 billion payday from Saudi Aramco (SE:), the state oil firm, for PIF’s stake in a petrochemical big and a $40 billion switch from the central financial institution’s overseas reserves.

It was additionally the recipient of almost $30 billion in proceeds from Aramco’s preliminary public providing in 2019.

The fund has raised $21 billion in loans between 2018 and 2019, and is finalising a brand new facility anticipated to be over $10 billion in measurement, sources have stated.


Regardless of Saudi’s oil wealth, creating sufficient jobs for the dominion’s younger inhabitants is among the largest challenges dealing with Prince Mohammed, recognized within the West as MbS.

The federal government has been pushing by financial insurance policies since 2016 aiming to create thousands and thousands of jobs and cut back unemployment to 7% by 2030. However fiscal austerity to comprise a yawning deficit has slowed funding, and the coronavirus disaster final 12 months pushed unemployment as much as a report 15.4%.

To get the deficit down from an eye-watering 12% of GDP final 12 months to a shortfall of 4.9% by the tip of this 12 months, Riyadh has slashed capital spending.

It’s relying as a substitute on the PIF to fund a number of the main infrastructure initiatives to assist increase progress, together with NEOM, a $500 billion high-tech enterprise zone, and the not too long ago introduced “The Line”, a 1 million inhabitants carbon-free metropolis in NEOM, anticipated to value between $100 billion and $200 billion.

PIF plans to inject at the very least 150 billion riyals ($40 billion) yearly into the native economic system till 2025, and to extend its property to 4 trillion riyals ($1.07 trillion) by that date, Prince Mohammed has stated.

“MBS understands that until the economic system grows at a fee above 6.5-7%, the youth unemployment fee will stagnate or develop – and that could be a ticking time bomb,” stated Khaled Abdel Majeed, MENA fund supervisor at London-based SAM Capital Companions, an funding advisory agency, commenting about transfers of state funds to PIF.

“Doing issues the ‘regular’ approach by ‘regular’ channels will take extra time than is out there.”